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Five main stages of career development

Career development is now a permanent ongoing operation in most organisations. This is a well-planned operation taken by organisations to get their workers to learn more skills and experience. This program will help personals to perform better on both their current and future occupations. It is a presently occurring effort to make people a vital resource in the world. There are a variety of things involved in career development from when one is a child to an adult. This article will showcase all the components of career development.

Two main components of Career development

1. Career planning

Career planning involves getting your mind straight about what you want to do, what work you want to work in. This involves self-assessment. Because of upgrades in career development, children are tested on what they want to be in the future when in High School.

In order to get a good career plan, write down your career goals. Write down everything you want to achieve and become, that will act as a reminder so that you never forget and keep your priorities right. You should revisit your career development plan regularly.

2. Career management

Career management involves the Human Resource Management system. The HRM has various components involved in it for example control, evaluation and human resource planning. Career development in HRM caters for personal needs for one to get a career plan in sight. A person is improved greatly so that their goals can be fulfilled in terms of career. It involves Career management which is the process to bring about change using goals, plans and strategies. The HRM enables an organisation to put forth employee needs while helping them accomplish their career goals. HRM involves career development directly. It makes sure that every organisation has a career development program.

Importance of Career Development

Career development is an important program created to improve a person’s work experience, need and goal in the working class. It also offers current and future opportunities in the work field. It helps develop one’s career in different trades. Career developments involve career planning and management.

It is well organised for the benefit of those looking for jobs. It is popular in many companies because it benefits both the employee and employer equally. Career development involves career management where it takes care of the needs of an organisation’s workers. The program helps solve employee problems using Human resource management.

Career development aids in identifying the number of manpower needed for a certain operation in an organisation. It also caters the training of unskilled workers so that they become professionals in a certain career. It is thus advisable for job seekers to apply yo companies that have a running career development system so that they benefit greatly. This benefits the company as well when they need an extra set of hands, many will scramble to get a job at a company with a permanent career development program.

In addition, this program promotes equality in the work industry. There will be minimum racism as people of different races and countries will be given the same treatment and opportunities. If an organisation has this system, it will be ranked the best in the whole country. Workers will be satisfied and motivated to do better and impress. The productivity of work will be increased.

Factors that influence Career Development

Career development varies with each and every person based on their skills and reference. These factors are to be considered when one is looking for a job. One’s personal characteristics, skills, abilities physically and economic factors influence how well he or she benefits from career development.

How to get a job?

Getting a job may prove to be very difficult sometimes but when you have a plan you are likely to succeed. You should master the art that, no job is too small. Before you go for a big important job, you are likely to start from the bottom. That’s not a shame live through it and work hard.

Firstly, have a curriculum vitae that describes every single job you have ever uphold. Every experience you had can be a valuable aspect needed in a company and increase the chances of you getting a job.

Secondly, apply for a job in various companies. Do not apply in just one company at a time, be versatile. Let some trusted personals know what kind of job you are looking they might give you information on which companies to apply to. It is beneficial to apply to those organisations or companies with career development programs.

Last but not least, prepare for an interview. This should be done a few days before the day of the interview. Practise on answering the most common questions confidently and professionally. These questions include telling them about yourself, why you want the job, what you can bring to the company so that the choice you, not others and sometimes they even ask the amount of money you expect to be paid. You should be ready to answer all the questions with honesty and confidence. To ace your interview, don’t look down when answering, look at them. Always be smart. Afterwards, you have to wait patiently for their response.

Stages of Career Development

There are five main stages of career development. These stages involve the period prior to college to retirement from a job. Each stage shows experience to be gained by an individual.

1. Exploration:

The exploratory stage is the period from college to work. It is the earliest stage of employment after school. Usually, it is when one is between the age of 20s to mid-20s. One will be analysing one’s self and making introductory choices to one’s career.

2. Establishment

This stage of career development is when one starts looking for a job. It’s the experience of the first job and has a high likelihood of mistakes occurring. From those mistakes, one has the opportunity of learning better ways of handling the work. As challenges come one will be well equipped. There involves rotation of work areas in 3 to 5 years.

3. Mid-Career:

This is the stage when one develops more skills and gets better job positions. While some may upgrade their performance greatly, other’s performance is just the same no change or even decrease. One’s performance may remain the same but they will be competent and satisfied. Those that perform the best reach high heights and may become coachers or heads to those below. They are ready for new skills and become richer.

4. Late Career:

This is the happiest stages of all where one has no aspirations to improve or upgrade their skills or performance. Its enough stage, and he or she depends on one’s reputation to get better positions. One will enjoy being an elder in the industry and usually acquires a role of consultation. He or she might explore work outside the organisation and might open up a company of their own.

5. Decline

It is termed the hard stage as it is the time when one retires after decades of working. One would be so attached to his line of work that it becomes saddening and hard to leave everything. After retiring, some may rest back at home while others explore new easier jobs to hold.


Career development is a very important program that helps both organisations and their employees. A company should have this program to boost its manpower and productivity. This program helps employees to get their career goals and plans in shape.

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